Unfortunately, several types of abuse are far too common in different forms of relationships. Forms of abuse typically are seen in domestic partnerships, however, abuse is also common between elders and their adult children. Regardless of the age, gender, socioeconomic status, education or ethnicity, just about anyone can become a victim of abuse. Understanding the various forms of abuse can allow you to identify them and thwart the abuse as soon as possible.
Types of Abuse
There are several different types of abuse recognised. Forms of abuse include:
- Emotional/Psychological abuse
Emotional abuse is probably the most common. It comprises any behaviour designed to hurt another person mentally. Emotional/psychological abuse includes yelling, threatening, shaming, humiliation and shaming, among other devices.
- Financial abuse
This kind of abuse is often seen together with other forms of abuse. Financial abuse is when one person controls access to money from another. This type of abuse includes actions like cutting off access to bank accounts, controlling where someone is allowed to work and preventing access to financial information.
- Physical abuse
This form of abuse exhibits the most noticeable signs. Physical abuse is also known as domestic abuse or domestic violence when it occurs within intimate relationships. It is classified as any physical act or threat of a physical act designed to hurt another person physically. This includes actions like slapping, punching, hair-pulling and kicking. Physical evidence such as bruises isn’t necessary for the act to be deemed physical abuse.
- Sexual abuse
Sexual abuse is typically perpetrated against women although men can be victims of sexual abuse too. It includes any unsolicited sexual act forced on the victim. This form of abuse is also often characterised as sexual assault or rape. Sexual abuse can include anything from non-consensual touching to forced intercourse or forced sexual contact with another person.
- Verbal abuse
Verbal abuse is generally a form of psychological abuse. This type of abuse happens when the antagonist uses words and body language with the intent to hurt another person. Verbal abuse includes put-downs, name-calling and unreasonable criticisms.
- Spiritual abuse
Spiritual abuse revolves around a person’s spirituality or religion. This form of abuse includes negatively targeting another’s belief system, refuting access to a house of worship or forced involvement in a cult.
Neglect occurs when a person fails to provide for the basic needs of one or more dependent victims he or she is responsible for. Basic needs include adequate and appropriate food, shelter, clothing, hygiene, and love or care. The idea of neglect presupposes that the neglectful person is capable of being responsible in the first place. For instance, it is neglect when an employed parent fails to care for their child adequately. It is still neglect when a parent is unable to provide for their child despite their best efforts due to extreme poverty or illness, but the neglect is perhaps mitigated by the circumstances. Neglect can only happen to dependent persons. For this reason, it most typically involves children or dependent elders who are not taken care of properly by their families or caregivers.
All forms of abuse are illegal, although some are harder to prosecute than others. Many of these different types of abuse are also perpetrated against children and teens. Becoming aware of the forms that abuse can take helps you to be better prepared to recognize such behaviour as abusive. Once you are able to label abuse, you can begin to take steps necessary to stop it from happening or repeating.
For detailed information on child abuse and the types of child abuse, get in touch with the I Am Not A Mistake Foundation. Here, Nelie Olivier (a recovering victim of abuse, depression, adoption, and suicide) will be able to assist you with your trials and tribulations regarding these issues through the I Am Not A Mistake Foundation. With her expertise and the support of the I Am Not A Mistake Foundation, your life can be saved and directed towards a more positive and happier way of life.